网上娱乐平台哪家好|「解题技巧」理解文中具体信息——排序题、数据题

2020-01-08 15:31:34

网上娱乐平台哪家好|「解题技巧」理解文中具体信息——排序题、数据题

网上娱乐平台哪家好|「解题技巧」理解文中具体信息——排序题、数据题

网上娱乐平台哪家好,中国人最易念错的100个常用单词

一、解题技巧

★排序题解题技巧

排序题是一种将多项事实进行排序的细节理解题,要求考生根据事件或动作发生的先后顺序以及句子之间的逻辑关系,找出事件或事物发展变化的正确顺序。解题时通常采用逻辑定位法、空间排序法或时间排序法,即按照事件发展或说明事物的逻辑顺序、不同空间或不同时间背景进行排序。

★数据题解题技巧

数据题多考查时间、金钱、年龄、人或物的数量等方面的内容,而且其选项均与数据有关。针对其出题特点,我们可采用以下技巧:

1. 直接查阅法。有些题干直接引用原文的语句,有些转述原文某个句子。考生可通过查找选项中数据所在的语句,弄清楚题干与哪个语句相关或相似,从而得出正确选项;也可在原文中直接查找题干中的关键信息,然后去匹配相应的数据。

2. 推理计算法。有些题干就原文中的某些数据设问(如用if从句提供假设语境),这时考生需要准确理解题干,并根据其中的关键信息找到相关数据,然后作一些推理或计算才可得出结论。

二、真题分析

以下内容均选编自高考真题,我们将结合上面提到的解题技巧对各题进行分析解答。

a schoolgirl saved her father's life by kicking him in the chest after he suffered a serious allergic (过敏的) reaction which stopped his heart.

izzy, nine, restarted father colm's heart by stamping (踩) on his chest after he fell down at home and stopped breathing.

izzy's mother, debbie, immediately called 999 but izzy knew doctors would never arrive in time to save her father, so decided to use cpr.

however, she quickly discovered her arms weren't strong enough, so she stamped on her father's chest instead.

debbie then took over with some more conventional chest compressions (按压) until the ambulance arrived.

izzy, who has been given a bravery award by her school, said: "i just kicked him really hard. my mum taught me cpr but i knew i wasn't strong enough to use hands. i was quite scared. the doctor said i might as well be a doctor or a nurse. my mum said that dad was going to hospital with a big footprint on his chest."

"she's a little star," said debbie. "i was really upset but izzy just took over. i just can't believe what she did. i really think all children should be taught first aid. izzy did cpr then the doctor turned up. colm had to have more treatment on the way to the hospital and we've got to see an expert."

...

1. what's the right order of the events?

①izzy kicked colm. ②debbie called 999.

③izzy learned cpr. ④colm's heart stopped.

a. ③①②④ b. ④②③①

c. ③④②① d. ④③①②

(2014年四川卷阅读理解c篇)

【分析】本文是一篇新闻报道。文章主要记叙了一个9岁的女孩通过实施心肺复苏术挽救了父亲的生命的故事。

本题考查事件发生的先后顺序,解题时可用“时间排序法”。根据第二段中的stopped breathing,第三段中的called 999 ... decided to use cpr,第四段中的she stamped on her father's chest ...可知这三件事的先后顺序;而根据第六段中的my mum taught me cpr but i knew ... use hands可知,izzy能实施急救是因为在父亲犯病前母亲教过她心肺复苏术的操作技巧,故选c项。

「解题技巧」理解主旨和要义-段落大意题和全文大意题

「解题技巧」理解主旨和要义——标题归纳题

「解题技巧」理解文中具体信息——直接信息题

「解题技巧」理解文中具体信息——间接信息题

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